FR Information

  • Fire Retardant Curtain Regulations

    Understanding Fire Retardant Curtain Regulations

    When working in contract curtain environments it is a legal requirement in various countries for the curtains to be certified to fire retardant standards. In this article, we are going to go through the major fire retardant standards and what is required in different countries and applications.

    All of Direct Fabrics flame retardant range is compliant to BS5867 Part2B and some to BS5867 Part 2C.

    You can purchase fire resistant curtains here from our range here.

    This guide is an overview of the various fire retardant curtain regulations and will be added to overtime.

     

    Included in this Article about fire retardant curtain regulations

    Further information is included for each particular standard can be found in the links below.

     

    Why do we need flame retardancy regulations

    Regulations are quite simply designed to save lives. By ensuring that fabrics and manufactured products conform to the fire retardancy requirements means that customers are safe knowing that the fire risk is reduced and thus they are safer.

     

     

    Fire Retardant Curtain Standards United Kingdom BS5867

    Let's jump in and look at our main market which is the United Kingdom. Domestic curtain fabrics will not normally be flame retardant. Always check the product information to see whether they have the following regulations.

    BS5867 - British standard for drapery including curtains and blinds.

    This standard covers everything that you require for fire retardant curtains in the United Kingdom.

    The standard is broken up into 2 sections;

    Part2B which is 10 washes whilst staying flame retardant.

    Part2C which is 50 washes / inherently flame retardant.

     

    Areas of use for BS5867

    - Hotels, Care Homes, Schools, Hospitals, Medical Centres, Village Halls, Commercial Offices

     

    Products Available to Flame Retardant Standards BS5867

    Flame Retardant Curtains

    Flame Retardant Blinds

     

     

    Fire retardant Curtains Standard for Europe M1 France B1 Germany

    When working in the European marketplace the fire retardant codes for France and Germany are M1 and B1 respectivly. These flame retardant standards are similar to the United Kingdom BS5867. The main difference is teh M1 standard is a very high level of flame retardancy. Usually but not always a fabric that conforms to BS5867 Part 2C and is inherently flame retardant will pass the higher regulation of France M1.

    Getting fabrics tested to flame retardant standard M1 has to be done in France as the French testing house are the only locations that are certified to perform the M1 Test. This means it can be quite expensive to get this product tested and will involve sending fabrics overseas to get them tested.

    The M1 test is a vertical test to see how the flame spreads across a panel of fabric over a duration of being ignited.

    You can review a more indepth review of the M1 and B1 standard here

    • B1 (DIN 4102 B1)
      German Flame Retardancy Standard for flame retardant building products. Materials that have been finished in accordance with B1 must self extinguish after the ignition source has been removed.
    • M1 (French Flame Retardancy Standard)
      Corresponds approximately to the German DIN 4102 B1.

     

    Areas of use for M1 B1

    - Hotels, Care Homes, Schools, Hospitals, Medical Centres, Village Halls, Commercial Offices

     

    Products Available to Flame Retardant Standards M1 B1

    Flame Retardant M1B1 Curtains

     

     

     

    Fire Retardant Curtains Standard EN13773 European Contract Textiles

    The 13773 is a similar regulation to M1 B1 and is a vertical ignition test. It is for the European market

    Read a full guide to EN13773

     

     

  • Understanding Flame Retardant Standard European EN 13773

    Flame Retardant Standard EN 13773 - European Flame Retardant Standard

     

    Standards Across Europe

    EN 13773 = Class 1,2 or 3 European Standard Textile burning behaviour for curtains and drapes.

    Click this image to buy m1 b1 curtains

    EN13773 Buy Fr Curtains

    What is EN 13773 - 1,2,3 Flame Retardant Standards – European FR Standards for Curtains

    EN13773  is the European flame retardant standard for contract drapery. This is the latest flame retardant standard for drapery and links in with old tests such as BS5867, M1 B1 and other drapery flame retardant tests. It has been introduce

     

    Test standardFlammability classCountry
    DIN 4102B1 ("Brandschacht")Germany
    EN 13501B-s1, d0Europe
    EN 13772 and EN 13773Class 1Europe
    NF P 92-503 to 92-505,
    92-507
    M1France
    BS 5867, 5438Part 2, Type CGreat Britain
    NFPA 701PassedUSA
    Credit to
    https://www.trevira.com/en/textiles-made-from-trevira/home-textiles/flame-retardant-textiles-trevira-cs/fire-safety.html

    By using the EN 13773, this interlinks and unifies the results across Europe for testing purposes for 1 market.

     

    Composition of Fabrics – Flame Retardant Standards Europe

    Understanding which fabrics pass which tests is important as you can have inherently flame retardant fabrics such as Trevira which are polyester fabrics with the flame retardant yarn so they do not need to be treated. This means they can be washed and they will keep their flame retardancy. Some fabrics that are treated will need to be retreated if they are not inherently flame retardant. Therefore a user needs to be mindful that after dry cleaning they may no longer be flame retardant.

     

    Areas Used

    The European flame retardant standards will be required in any commercial environment, a hotel will require EN13773,  M1 B1 standards in Europe and BS5867 in the UK. They are all similar tests but it is required for insurance requirements to ensure that they are certified to avoid any legal risks.

     

    Understanding Different Fabric Flame Retardancy

    Durably Flame Retardant

    Again these fabric have been chemically treated and will be suitable for washing.

    Inherently flame retardant

    An inherently flame retardant fabric is made from a yarn that has the flame retardancy already within the yarn like a Trevira. This means it can be washed multiple times and not loose its flame retardancy.

     

     

  • Understanding Flame Retardant Standard M1 B1

    European Flame Retardant Standards

    What is M1 B1 Flame Retardant Standards – European FR Standards for Curtains

    M1 B1 is the European flame retardant standard for contract drapery. It is used across Europe so companies are aware that a fabric and in turn the curtain made from that fabric is flame retardant and can be used safely in a commercial environment. Locations that use M1 B1 fire retardant fabrics are; Hotel, Care Homes, Schools, Hospitals and more.

    Depending on which country in Europe there are slightly different standards for flame retardant fabrics. Fire retardant fabrics in France follow the M1 Standard and in Germany follow the B1. Based on this generally if a fabric passes M1 Standard it will pass B1. Although it will need to be checked that it posses the necessary certificates.

     

    Standards Across Europe

    M1 = French NFP92 503-505 M1

    B1 = German DIN 4102 B1

    EN 13773 = Class 1,2 or 3 European Standard Textile burning behaviour for curtains and drapes.

    BS 5867 = British Standards “Fabrics for curtains and drapes.”

     

    Looking to Buy M1 B1 Curtains?

    Click this link to buy m1 b1 curtains

    Composition of M1B1 Fabrics – Flame Retardant Standards Europe

    Understanding which fabrics pass which tests is important as you can have inherently flame retardant fabrics such as Trevira which are polyester fabrics with the flame retardant yarn so they do not need to be treated. This means they can be washed and they will keep their flame retardancy. Some fabrics that are treated will need to be retreated if they are not inherently flame retardant. Therefore a user needs to be mindful that after dry cleaning they may no longer be flame retardant.

     

    Areas Used

    The European flame retardant standards will be required in any commercial environment, a hotel will require M1 B1 standards in Europe and BS5867 in the UK. They are all similar tests but it is required for insurance requirements to ensure that they are certified to avoid any legal risks.

    Most common locations that M1 E

     

    Understanding Different Fabric Flame Retardancy

    Non Durable Flame Retardant  - NOT M1 or B1 Certified.

    These fabrics are coated with a soluble flame retardant, this means that if they are wetted in anyway you should get them retreated to ensure they remain flame retardant, this is usually related to velvets and natural fibres that have

    Durably Flame Retardant

    Again these fabric have been chemically treated and will be suitable for washing.

    Inherently flame retardant

    An inherently flame retardant fabric is made from a yarn that has the flame retardancy already within the yarn like a Trevira. This means it can be washed multiple times and not loose its flame retardancy.

     

    Flame Retardant Tests – Reference - http://www.eurocobusiness.com/resources/European%20Fire%20Standards.pdf

    Germany

    The fabric specimen is suspended vertically and a 20mm high flame is applied for 15 seconds to both the fabric surface and edge. Reference lines are marked on the specimen, which achieves B2 classification if the tip of the flame does not reach the reference marks within 20 seconds on any sample. 5 samples are tested with filter paper being placed below each to determine the production of flaming droplets.

     

    DIN 4102 Parts 15/16 - Brandschacht (B1) Referred to as the "Brandschacht test", this is the main test method in Germany which measures reaction to fire and is considered the highest flammability standard in the country for upholstery fabrics. The term Brandschacht, literally "fire shaft", refers to the testing apparatus itself which consists of a square-shaped vertical housing equipped with a gas burner. Four fabric samples are held vertically in a supporting frame and subjected to flames for 10 minutes. At the same time a constant, uniform flow of air is blown into the Brandschacht from below. In evaluating the test, smoke gas temperature and the mean residual length of the sample are taken into account (residual length is the part of the specimen which has escaped burning). In order to be classified as B1, the tested fabric must show:

    1. A mean residual length of not less than 150mm, with no specimen being burned away completely 2. A mean smoke gas temperature of less than 200oC

     

    Have Qutestions or Looking for Assistance on M1B1- Contact Us

    FR Standards Guide
    Please let us know about your project and download our free guide

    *All required fields

     

  • Who Requires Flame Retardant Furnishings

    This is a infographic we have put together detailing who requires flame retardant furnishings.

     

    If you run a commercial business you need to understand who requires fire retardant soft furnishings. The main aim for this is safety. The info graphic below shows who requires them and which codes are required for different uses.

    Flame Retardant British Standards Infographic

4 Item(s)

Post your comment

Direct Fabrics