British Standards

  • Understanding Flame Retardant Standard M1 B1

    European Flame Retardant Standards

     

    Standards Across Europe

    M1 = French NFP92 503-505 M1

    B1 = German DIN 4102 B1

    EN 13773 = Class 1,2 or 3 European Standard Textile burning behaviour for curtains and drapes.

    BS 5867 = British Standards “Fabrics for curtains and drapes.”
    Click this image to buy m1 b1 curtains

    Click this image to buy m1 b1 curtains

     

    What is M1 B1 Flame Retardant Standards – European FR Standards for Curtains

    M1 B1 is the European flame retardant standard for contract drapery. It is used across Europe so companies are aware that a fabric and in turn the curtain made from that fabric is flame retardant and can be used safely in a commercial environment. Locations that use M1 B1 fire retardant fabrics are; Hotel, Care Homes, Schools, Hospitals and more.

    Depending on which country in Europe there are slightly different standards for flame retardant fabrics. Fire retardant fabrics in France follow the M1 Standard and in Germany follow the B1. Based on this generally if a fabric passes M1 Standard it will pass B1. Although it will need to be checked that it posses the necessary certificates.

     

    Composition of Fabrics – Flame Retardant Standards Europe

    Understanding which fabrics pass which tests is important as you can have inherently flame retardant fabrics such as Trevira which are polyester fabrics with the flame retardant yarn so they do not need to be treated. This means they can be washed and they will keep their flame retardancy. Some fabrics that are treated will need to be retreated if they are not inherently flame retardant. Therefore a user needs to be mindful that after dry cleaning they may no longer be flame retardant.

     

    Areas Used

    The European flame retardant standards will be required in any commercial environment, a hotel will require M1 B1 standards in Europe and BS5867 in the UK. They are all similar tests but it is required for insurance requirements to ensure that they are certified to avoid any legal risks.

    Most common locations that M1 E

     

    Understanding Different Fabric Flame Retardancy

    Non Durable Flame Retardant  - NOT M1 or B1 Certified.

    These fabrics are coated with a soluble flame retardant, this means that if they are wetted in anyway you should get them retreated to ensure they remain flame retardant, this is usually related to velvets and natural fibres that have

    Durably Flame Retardant

    Again these fabric have been chemically treated and will be suitable for washing.

    Inherently flame retardant

    An inherently flame retardant fabric is made from a yarn that has the flame retardancy already within the yarn like a Trevira. This means it can be washed multiple times and not loose its flame retardancy.

     

    Flame Retardant Tests – Reference - http://www.eurocobusiness.com/resources/European%20Fire%20Standards.pdf

    Germany

    The fabric specimen is suspended vertically and a 20mm high flame is applied for 15 seconds to both the fabric surface and edge. Reference lines are marked on the specimen, which achieves B2 classification if the tip of the flame does not reach the reference marks within 20 seconds on any sample. 5 samples are tested with filter paper being placed below each to determine the production of flaming droplets.

     

    DIN 4102 Parts 15/16 - Brandschacht (B1) Referred to as the "Brandschacht test", this is the main test method in Germany which measures reaction to fire and is considered the highest flammability standard in the country for upholstery fabrics. The term Brandschacht, literally "fire shaft", refers to the testing apparatus itself which consists of a square-shaped vertical housing equipped with a gas burner. Four fabric samples are held vertically in a supporting frame and subjected to flames for 10 minutes. At the same time a constant, uniform flow of air is blown into the Brandschacht from below. In evaluating the test, smoke gas temperature and the mean residual length of the sample are taken into account (residual length is the part of the specimen which has escaped burning). In order to be classified as B1, the tested fabric must show:

    1. A mean residual length of not less than 150mm, with no specimen being burned away completely 2. A mean smoke gas temperature of less than 200oC

     

  • Care Home Requirements for Flame Retardant Standards

    After working in the care home industry for the last 2 years Direct Fabrics have noticed that it is apparent that a large proportion of UK care homes are not aware of the benefits of flame retardant furnishing in their centres. The owners are buying non flame retardant curtains, blinds and bedding that substantially increase the risk of fire. The question is why?

    After looking into this in great detail www.direct-fabrics.co.uk has realised that the most likely reason is unawareness that there are flame retardant furnishings are available and also that people think that they will be more expensive. The simple fact is that fire retardant curtains and fabrics are less expensive than the majority of fabrics on the market starting at £7 per metre and have been certified to British Standards BS5867 Part 2B & C. This means that for insurances and fire safety assessments that care home owners are doing everything in their power to reduce the risk of fire and improve the safety of their residents.

    A simple change to flame retardant British Certified products will reduce fire risk in the home and also as the majority of the products are made locally they are supporting the local economy.

    The fabrics come in a huge array of colours and options with the ability to have matching bedding, curtains and chair coverings means that rooms can be coordinated to have the very best effect. With over 2500 fabrics to choose from Direct Fabrics is a great place to start your search. Care home owners are encourage tospeak with their team to ensure they are getting the right furnishings. Below is a small brief introduction to fire resistant standards.

    Standards required for Flame Retardant Furnishings.

    BS5867 Part 2 B & 2C. – Effecting Drapery. This standards details the requirements for flame retardant curtains and blinds.

    • Part 2 B means that an item can be washed 12 times and still pass the fire retardancy test.
    • Part 2C relates to inherently flame retardant fabrics which can be washed up to 50 times and continue to be fire resistant.

    BS7175 – Effecting Bedding. The same match test is applied. The fabrics will need to be Polyester in order to pass as they need to be inherent for the continued washing.

    BS5852 - Upholstery fabrics – Crib and match test used to ensure they will not burn with a cigarette and a match against them.

    In conclusion there is a significant lack of care home facility managers and directors’ taking the ignorance is bliss approach to their resident’s safety. It is recommend to speak with your local fire department to get there recommendations and apply them to the furnishings in your nursing home. Direct-Fabrics.co.uk can supply a wide range of flame retardant curtains and blinds that are certified to British Standards and made to fit care homes and make them compliant to the UK regulations for fire safety.

    About Direct Fabrics
    Direct Fabrics are a UK manufacturer and supplier of flame retardant curtains, blinds, fabrics and soft furnishings. Providing a full service for their client from window check measures to manufacture and installation.

    Media Contact

    Richard Burnside

    27 Station Road

    Backwell

    BS483NW

    Telephone – 03301118995
    Email – sales@direct-fabrics.co.uk

  • BS5852 Flame Retardant Upholstery Fabrics

    BS 5852:2006 describes best practice methods to assess the ignitability of single material combinations, such as covers and fillings used in upholstered seating, or complete items of seating. These tests determine the effects of a smouldering cigarette, or other flaming ignition sources such as burning matches or a four-sheet full-size newspaper. This standard can be used to establish the potential ignitability of components in conjunction with other specified materials.

    Source 0: smoldering cigarette

    A cigarette is put along the crevice of the test rig and allowed to burn over its entire length. If no flaming or progressive smoldering is observed on both cover and interior material, the test is recorded as no ignition and the material passes the test.BS5852 - Part 1 - Simulated Match - Passed

    Source 1: simulated match

    A burner is lit, held along the crevice of the test rig for 20 seconds and then removed. If no flaming or progressive smoldering is observed on both cover and interior material, the test is recorded as no ignition and the material passes the test.

    Source 5: wooden crib 5

    A crib is composed of wooden planks, glued together. Lint is attached to the bottom. After adding propane-diol the crib is placed on the test rig and ignited with a match. If no flaming or progressive smoldering is observed on both cover and interior material, the test is recorded as no ignition and the material passes the test.

  • BS7175 Flame Retardant Bedding for Bedcovers and Sheets

    Introduction to BS7175:1980

    In this article we are going to provide the details of what BS7175C requires and why as a business owner you should be using flame retardant fabrics that fits this standard.

    What is the standard BS7175 1989 in relating to Bedding, Pillows, Quilts, Sheets (bed), Pillow slips, Blankets, Bedspreads, Bed linen, Ignitability, Fire tests, Test equipment, Testing conditions, Test specimens, Specimen preparation

     

    Who BS7175 effects

    If you own a business and want to reduce the fire risk, then it is important that you are mitigating the risk of fire. So you should be abiding and using products certified by BS7175. It is crucial that when working with people when you are in a position of care to abide with the fire safety rules. You fire officer will be able to confirm whether BS7175 is required by your business. Most common business where flame retardant standards such as BS7175 are applicable are;

    Care Homes, Nursing Homes, Youth Hostels and other similar environments.

    It is responsibility of the business owner to ensure that they are using products that are certified for use in the business environment, they can get this information by speaking to their fire officer or local fire departments.

    All flame retardant fabrics supplied by Direct Fabrics which are in the flame retardant section are certified to BS5867 and BS5852 and have certification to show this. Other supplier might not have the necessary information but we can assure you that our products are certified. Please speak with the team to confirm that the designs you have chosen are certified to this level

     

    Business Owners

    Need to specifiy the requirements for their projects to ensure that there fabrics are suitable for business use and that the Direct Fabrics team can supply the necessary flame retardant fabrics

    Fabrics are available that are inherently flame retardant, these include polyester fabrics and other man made material this means they are suited to the required level and the purpose of bedding products

    Test method

    The materials to be tested and the ignition sources shall be conditioned immediately before the test for 72 h in indoor ambient conditions and then for at least 16 h in an atmosphere having a temperature of 20 ± 5 °C and a relative humidity of 65 ± 5 %.

    BS 7175, for the testing, a draught-free environment having a temperature of 15 °C to 30 °C and a relative humidity of 55 ± 20° shall be used. If the test is not carried out immediately after conditioning, place the conditioned specimens in a sealed container until the start of the test. Begin testing each specimen within 10 min of removing it from either the conditioning atmosphere or the sealed container.

    Conclusion

    BS7175 Flame retardant bedding BS7175 flame retardant bedding

    Speak with the Direct Fabrics team to ensure that your fabrics are to the requirements required.

    Where to Buy Flame Retardant Bedding

    YOu can buy your range of flame retardant bedding directly from direct-fabrics. Please see our full range of BS7175 approved bedding here. Flame Retardant Bedding

  • BS 5867 Part 2 B C

     BS5867 Part 2 Type B and C

    Introduction to BS5867

    In this article we are going to provide the details of what BS5867 Part 2 B&C requires and why as a business owner you should be using flame retardant fabrics that fits this standard.

    What is the standard BS 5867 Part 2:2008 Fabrics for curtains, drapes and window blinds"

     

     

    Who this effects

    If you own a business and want to reduce the fire risk, then it is important that you are mitigating the risk of fire. So you should be abiding and using products certified by BS5867 Part 2 Type b and C.

    It is responsibility of the business owner to ensure that they are using products that are certied for use in the business enviroment, they can get this information by speaking to their fire officer.

    All fabrics supplied by Direct Fabrics which are in the flame retardant section are certified to BS5867 and have certification to show this. Other supplier might not have the necessary information.

     

    Business Owners

    Need to specifiy the requirements for their projects to ensure that there fabrics are suitable for business use and that the Direct Fabrics team can supply the necessary flame retardant fabrics

    Fabrics are available that are inherently flame retardant, these include polyester fabrics and other man made material. Things like Cottons and other materials can be treated to meet the requirements.

    Test method

    A sample of the fabric, vertically held, is exposed to a small flame.

    For type B (Hotels, etc) the ease of ignition is observed. It is also noted if the flame reaches one any edge of the specimen and/or if any burning pieces of fabric fall down.

    For type C (NHS) the fabric is further analysed to see what happens once the flame stops but when the fabric still may be glowing.

    NB: The fabric is tested before and after laundering
    type B (12 wash cycles at 40°c)
    type C (50 wash cycles at 40°c)

    Test Performance Criteria

    Type B Performance Criteria: The edges must remain completely intact and no burning debris should fall.

     

    Conclusion

    Speak with the Direct Fabrics team to ensire that your fabrics are to the requirements required.

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